The data were transferred onto an Excel spreadsheet and then underwent descriptive analysis and interpretation in light of the selected literature, aiming to achieve the proposed objective. This study was not submitted to the Research Ethics Committee, as the data analyzed are available on the official CAPES site 11 and in the online libraries of the Universities and are thus considered information in the public domain, the participants in the study are not identified and there is no direct involvement of human beings as research subjects, following National Health Council recommendations and those of the Universities from whence came the theses analyzed.
The analysis identified a total of 15 PGPNur, of which These Programs were located in the Northeast 6. Of the theses produced in these Programs in the period studied, These data are shown in Table 1 below. Although MDG number 8 establishing partnerships for development , 3 promoting gender equality , 4 reducing infant mortality and 7 quality of life and guaranteed environmental sustainability are covered in the theses analyzed, they still lack greater investment, considering their importance in improving the quality of life and health of the population.
These studies, which cover the MDGs, reflect the presence of research into chronic illness and complications related to aging and chronicity, as well epidemiological and demographic changes to the profile of the population. The theses which were not identified as associated with the MDGs, of , equal to To the authors if this study, it appears that the researcher opted to conduct research according to their vocation as researcher and to the line of research of each PGPNur. These theses included studies related to health in workers and in the elderly, topics relevant to current society, as the demographic transition in the country is gathering pace and working life has changed in recent years.
Other research also attracted attention, such as use of language system and humanized care at different stages of the life cycle. Methodological concerns were also shown to be objects adding value to research in the area and advancing the process of constructing knowledge. Given the results shown in Table 3 and the p-value of 0. Some Of these, 63 In the context of the domains, properties, coverage and depth of scientific knowledge produced, expected of the output of doctoral training and advanced research, it is complicated to make comparisons or judgements on their importance and relevance when the focus is on meeting or following one or more of the 8 MDGs.
These MDGs a priori are not presented in order of importance of priority, nor do they represent the specific needs of each and every nation or country but are all, in some way, important and necessary for improving the health of humanity in this century.
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They represent a set of needs to guide the efforts of all nations, within or beyond their own borders. Brazil is a large and complex country which has undergone rapid economic, social and environmental change. There have been significant advances in health status and life expectancy recorded In spite of this, regional differences remain in terms of economic and social development, impacting on the education and health of the population. Some of these impacts are tangential to the MDGs.
It should be pointed out that human resources in health care remain insufficient. The Ministries of Health and Education are investing heavily in Undergraduate Programs in nursing and dentistry, with the focus on primary care.
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The PGPNur respond to this trend, seeking the answers to social issues relevant to this country, as already mentioned. Resources are being directed to the different calls from this research agency.
As for research priorities on the national agenda, those with the greatest demand are non communicable diseases, health in the workplace and biosecurity As Nursing is a field of knowledge in health care, it is both important and necessary to recognize and value the discipline and its particular knowledge, its interface and coverage of domains including health care science and other parallel and complementary disciplines and partnerships with common foundations.
Moreover, training doctorates with greater dominion of basic and clinical and translational research and other advances in the process of constructing inter-disciplinary knowledge should result in greater contributions to solving health care problems and the socio-political implications of promoting health and better quality of life for the citizens This adherence to objects and foci of intervention in the field of health may explain the lack of or small number of theses related to MDGs 1, 2 and 8.
There is no denying the link between economic development and any analysis of health conditions, but this was not deemed a priority object of research in nursing. Development, the economy and primary education are rather contextual elements, or those which interface with the most varied objects of study in Nursing. Another MDG with which few doctoral theses were linked was number 3 promoting gender equality which, although not restricted to the field of health care, is obviously related. Thus, topics such as violence against women, sexuality and specific social vulnerability were the object of five 5 theses which, with different focuses, seem to contribute to promoting health with greater gender equality.
MDGs 4 and 7 were slightly better represented, although with a low number of doctoral theses, 30 and 22, respectively. The former, reducing infant mortality, may perhaps be attributed to a long history of public policies of investment in this focus. Thus, mortality of under 5s in Brazil declined by 4. The latter, quality of life and guaranteed environmental sustainability, has increased in prominence over the last two decades and still requires intense investment. The doctoral theses in Nursing approach this in a more particular was, quality of life from the point of view of specific populations, such as the elderly, children, adolescents or those with specific, especially chronic, health problems.
The existence of theses in the three years studies which focus on the issue of the environment, reflect the interface between health and the environment as an important demand for health promotion and education actions, as well as the need to encourage development of responsible actions minimizing environmental impact in different contexts, from education in communities 16 - 17 to hospital work MDG 5, improving maternal health, was in greater evidence with 43 doctoral theses identified, exploring traditional topics of professional practice linked to maternity antenatal, birth, postpartum, breastfeeding , to public health problems, such as prevention, follow up and care for women with breast and cervical cancer and abortion; through foci constructed on a clinical or epidemiological approach, or even an approach covering the multiple aspects involved in nursing care.
Most of the doctoral theses evaluated referred to "other diseases", which covers those of epidemiological importance in Brazil, such as tuberculosis, leprosy, schistosomiasis and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus , arterial hypertension, heart disease and others such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, mental illness and problems linked to drug addiction and mental health. It is therefore important to analyze this strong interest in topics related to chronic illness, recognizing the trends for changes in the epidemiological and demographic profile of the Brazilian population which indicate the great importance of health problems related to ageing and chronicity.
Health policy innovations in Brazil and their impact on health conditions indicate that HIV prevalence has remained stable since ; some diseases, preventable through vaccination polio, measles and diphtheria , were almost completely eradicated, as were diarrhea and Chagas disease. Simultaneously, on the topic of infectious diseases, there was partial success in controlling hepatitis A and B, tuberculosis and malaria and failure to control dengue or visceral leishmaniasis Thus, the concern of Brazilian nurses with diseases such as tuberculosis is consistent, and it is also worth pointing out the lack of studies on malaria.
Perhaps given the concentration of cases in the Amazon region, which is just where there is the greatest lack of research in Nursing and no PGPNur. However, this reasoning is not applicable to leishmaniasis and dengue, which affect almost all the states of Brazil. The objects of study of the 63 doctoral theses, in terms of what is covered by this broad spectrum other diseases , includes a variety of theoretical-methodological approaches, target population or way of approaching the "diseases", mainly for the concern with analyzing the relation of clinical and cultural knowledge with the intervention and the role of nursing in individual and collective health care practice.
This analysis corroborates the social need for research conducted in the Postgraduate Programs, considering the complexity of health care and of the systems responsible for providing qualified services and actions, for promoting health and preventing and treating disease. Moreover, research in Nursing is essential in order to preserve, promote and renew the scientific basis of the discipline, in the face of social dynamism Finally, on the majority of the doctoral theses of , or By signing up for the MDGs, Brazil reaffirmed its commitment to contributing to achieving them on a global scale, even if some of them were not the focus of priority intervention.
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From another point of view, it falls to each profession, especially in the health care field, to reflect on the compatibility, or otherwise, of its objectives and lines of research with the MDGs, because, as has been stated above, not all are located, strictly speaking, in this field. It is essential to recognize that Nursing will always be exclusively responsible for conducting studied on objectives inherent to itself, capable of broadening the body of knowledge and capacity to respond to old and new questions raised by the work. The PGPNur are guided by academic teaching, research and extension activities linked to the concrete social problems and wants, although terminology is still weakly directly linked to those of the MDGs.
This does not mean, however, that these studies are not linked to actions that seek to reduce social inequality and promote social inclusion. On the contrary, they are studies seeking to improve the fate of humanity, through contributing to solving health problems and the socio-political implications of promoting health and better quality of life for citizens.
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The policies used to evaluate Postgraduate Programs in this country, established by the Ministry of Education Coordination for Higher Education Personnel Improvement, encourage social, political and technological responsibility in training human resources with excellence. Moreover, advances in the area of Nursing have been marked by reducing regional inequalities in the distribution of courses in almost all regions of the country, as well as by their better qualification The limits to initially becoming closer should also be recognized, as permitted by analyzing the theses based on their titles and abstracts and in the relatively recent timeframe used the last 3 years , which did not allow light to be shed on important points of reflection on the trends and perspectives of lines of research and research priorities in Nursing in Brazil.
It is worth pointing out that the results of this study cannot be generalized. Moreover, the results do not reflect the total scientific output of Brazilian PGPNur in the period in question. The presence of MDGs as an object of study in the doctoral theses from the PGPNur with scores of 5 national excellence , 6 and 7 international excellence between and in Brazil is still relatively slight, in other words, It was also confirmed that there was an association between the scores from these Programs and the distribution of the theses and whether or not they included the MDGs p-value 0.
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PGPNur are recommended to become closer to the MDGs, ensuring nursing responsibility in conducting studies capable of increasing knowledge and caring for concrete social demands and needs. Souza A Filho. In: Moll J, Sevegnani P, organizadores.
Universidade e Mundo do Trabalho. Brito MB. The applicant should ask this person to act as a Supervisor and together they should reach an agreement upon the research topic, research methods, possibilities of carrying out the research and other similar aspects related to the research task. The applicant must have at least a Main Supervisor by the end of the application period. A research plan must be enclosed to the application maximum length 6 pages including references, font Times New Roman or equivalent, font size 11, spacing 1.enter
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The Main Supervisor and the Professor in charge of the Doctoral Programme or Field of Study and the follow-up group, if one has established must recommend that the plan be considered by the Steering Group for Doctoral Education. Includes a short overview that describes the topic of the study and and position their own research into the research field.
A timetable presenting the different phases of the study and and a financing plan for the research, if any.
Description of ethical aspects of the study and an estimate whether there is need for a statement by an ethical board. You must be able to prove your educational background by means of officially authenticated copies of your educational documents , if you have not completed your previous degrees in a Finnish university. If the documents are not in English, Finnish or Swedish, both the authenticated copies of the documents in their original language and an officially confirmed, complete and precise translation into one of the languages mentioned above are required.
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