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Improved variety and germplasm development is the only way to get ahead of and minimize the effects of Ug99 when it arrives in the U. In addition to the risk of Ug99, current challenges include leaf rust and stripe rust that cause serious losses in U.
Rust pathogens evolve rapidly and have overcome many important genes for resistance. Reducing damage from insect pests requires integrated approaches and collaborative research specific to each major production region.
Russian wheat ahphid, Hessian fly and wheat stem sawfly are three insects that are becoming increasingly virulent and must be addressed. Genetic resistance remains the most environmentally responsible and effective strategy to control these insect pests and others over the long term. However, new genetic sources of resistance and more rapid, effective screening methods are needed to achieve durable resistance.
Also needed is a greater understanding of insect biotypes, their evolution and the mechanistic basis of insect virulence and host resistance. Meanwhile, the crop is at risk from new and more aggressive pests and diseases, diminishing water resources, limited available land and unstable weather conditions — heat in particular.
The Wheat Molecular Breeding laboratory develops tools and information for breeders around the world.
- Global wheat production with 1.5 and 2.0°C above pre‐industrial warming.
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Scientists identified significant new chromosomal regions for wheat yield and disease resistance, which will speed up global breeding efforts. Wheat research. Use the latest molecular breeding tools, bioinformatics and selection methods. Ensure that national agricultural research system partners are active participants in breeding.ustanovka-kondicionera-deshevo.ru/libraries/2020-06-29/2905.php
Afghanistan » CGIAR Research Program on WHEAT
Apply more precise phenotyping approaches — phenotyping platforms — and other tools, like remote sensing, to develop genetically diverse wheat varieties so that globally, annual genetic yield gains of at least 0. Provide diverse, high-yielding wheat varieties that withstand infertile soils, drought, pests and diseases.
Conduct research to help farmers exploit the full potential of improved seed while conserving soil and water resources.
The full findings are available in the paper: Teosinte Branched1 regulates inflorescence architecture and development in bread wheat. Materials provided by John Innes Centre. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. Swain, Scott Andrew Boden.
The challenges and opportunities for wheat production under future climate in Northern Ethiopia
The Plant Cell , ; tpc. ScienceDaily, 9 April John Innes Centre. Wheat research discovery yields genetic secrets that could shape future crops: Gene controlling shape and size of spikelets in wheat isolated. Retrieved October 18, from www. Over time, Triticum Among the most damaging diseases that affect wheat crops across the world are rusts.