Embed Size px.
Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Tilahun Nigatu Haregu , Researcher Follow.http://maisonducalvet.com/quiero-conocer-gente-en-villarrubia-de-santiago.php
Your Guide to Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis Methods
Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Watch as worry disappears and abundance flows into your life. Go here to experience the magic! SeemabShakeel very well explained. Show More. William Pacete.
Dileta Sestavickaite. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares.
2. Coding stage (assigning labels to the nodes)
Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Qualitative data analysis 1. The Continuum Quantitative QualitativeThere is no such thing as All research ultimately has a qualitative data. Outline of the PresentationQualitative researchQualitative dataQualitative analysisQualitative softwareQualitative reporting 3 4.
Coding (social sciences) - Wikipedia
Qualitative Research 4 5. What is qualitative research? Qual Vs Quan: Data collection method Quantitative QualitativeSampling Random sampling Open ended and less structured protocols Flexible Tools Structured data Depend on interactive collection instruments interviewsResults Produce results that Produce results that give generalize, compare and meaning, experience and views summarize 9 Evaluation of s service 12 Qualitative Data 15 What is qualitative data? Types of Qualitative DataStructured text, writings, stories, survey comments,news articles, books etc Unstructured text transcription, interviews, focusgroups, conversation Audio recordings, musicVideo recordings graphics, art, pictures, visuals Provocative I have heard people saying most evaluations are subjective-what do you think?
Ideal In your opinion, what would be the best solution for eliminating gender-based violence? Interpretative What do you mean by good? Leading Do you think prevention is better than cure? Loading Do you watch that culturally degrading TV show on condom use? Multiple Tell me your three favourite authors, the book you like best by each author, and why you like those books? Preparing transcriptTranscribe word by word verbatim Consider non-verbal expressionsTry to do the transcribing yourselfBe patient-Time consuming 21 Qualitative Analysis 23 What is Qualitative Data Analysis?
Qualitative Data Analysis QDA is the range ofprocesses and procedures whereby we move from thequalitative data that have been collected into some formof explanation, understanding or interpretation of thepeople and situations we are investigating. QDA is usually based on an interpretative philosophy. Approaches in analysisDeductive approach — Using your research questions to group the data and then look for similarities and differences — Used when time and resources are limited — Used when qualitative research is a smaller component of a larger quantitative studyInductive approach — Used when qualitative research is a major design of the inquiry — Using emergent framework to group the data and then look for relationships 25 Tools for helping the Analytical ProcessSummaries: Should contain the key points thatemerge from undertaking the specific activitySelf Memos: Allow you to make a record of theideas which occur to you about any aspect ofyour research, as you think of themResearcher Diary Terms used in Qualitative data analysisTheory: A set of interrelated concepts, definitions and propositionsthat presents a systematic view of events or situations by specifyingrelations among variablesThemes: idea categories that emerge from grouping of lower-leveldata pointsCharacteristic: a single item or event in a text, similar to anindividual response to a variable or indicator in a quantitativeresearch.
It is the smallest unit of analysisCoding: the process of attaching labels to lines of text so that theresearcher can group and compare similar or related pieces ofinformationCoding sorts: compilation of similarly coded blocks of text fromdifferent sources in to a single file or reportIndexing: process that generates a word list comprising all thesubstantive words and their location within the texts entered in to aprogram 29 Principles of Qualitative data analysis1.
People differ in their experience and understanding of reality constructivist-many meanings 2. Qualitative research can be used to describe phenomenon or generate theory grounded on data4. The surveys were used to select participants who belonged to the target group years old. Interviews were conducted in a small office next to the cash register, and lasted approximately 20 minutes each.
Answers were recorded by note-taking, and seven interviews were also filmed with consent. One interviewee preferred not to be filmed. See an example. Next, you should indicate how you processed and analyzed the data. In quantitative research, your analysis will be based on numbers. In the methods section you might include:. Before analysis the gathered data was prepared.
The dataset was checked for missing data and outliers.
The data was then analyzed using statistical software SPSS. In qualitative research, your analysis will be based on language, images and observations. Methods might include:. The interviews were transcribed and thematic analysis was conducted.
This involved coding all the data before identifying and reviewing six key themes. Your methodology should make the case for why you chose these particular methods, especially if you did not take the most standard approach to your topic. Discuss why other methods were not suitable for your objectives, and show how this approach contributes new knowledge or understanding. You can acknowledge limitations or weaknesses in the approach you chose, but justify why these were outweighed by the strengths.
Remember that your aim is not just to describe your methods, but to show how and why you applied them and to demonstrate that your research was rigorously conducted. The methodology section should clearly show why your methods suit your objectives and convince the reader that you chose the best possible approach to answering your problem statement and research questions.
Throughout the section, relate your choices back to the central purpose of your dissertation. But if you take an approach that is less common in your field, you might need to explain and justify your methodological choices. In either case, your methodology should be a clear, well-structured text that makes an argument for your approach, not just a list of technical details and procedures.
If you encountered difficulties in collecting or analyzing data, explain how you dealt with them. Show how you minimized the impact of any unexpected obstacles. Pre-empt any major critiques of your approach and demonstrate that you made the research as rigorous as possible. As a student undergoing Masters programme and presently at Research stage, I really appreciate and found such your tip immensely useful and helpful! Keep up!!! I am currently working on my Doctoral Research Proposal. I really had some challenges with how to present the Section on Methodology and Design.
But after reading through your presentation here am very confident to complete the section with better confidence. Please keep up the good works! Thank you. Your articles on various contents of research is of great help. It always give an outstanding clarity on the issues , which a researcher has in his mind.
Your articles are uptodate and an answer for the conflicting questions in the process of research study. Thank you very much. Thank You for all the detailed. Its help me a lot in doing my research study God Bless and More Power. I have really enjoyed this article, is so educative and informative. We're looking forward to getting more of this. This was very helpful in clearing many foggy things. I was trying to help someone and this came in handy. I definitely would come back to this very soon in my thesis. I was completely stuck how to write my methodology, and this has been brilliant, thank you so much!
Very helpful and well structured. Can you suggest any article helpful to evaluate different methodologies? Thank you before i study this guide it was impossible for me to write my thesis. The article was very helpful, the steps in writing a methodology were very clear and they helped me avoid including things that should not be in the methodology.
This is article is very helpful and I have been using it as a guide for my dissertation. Is it preferable to write the methodology in first person or third? Hi Elias, thanks for your question! The answer depends partly on the conventions of your discipline. Social scientists and humanities researchers sometimes use the first person, but scientific writing often requires you to avoid it. It's best to focus on consistency — if you have used the first person elsewhere in your dissertation, you should use it in this chapter too.
If not, use the third person as the examples in this article do. Thank you for helping me to gain more insight on what research methodology is all about, and I would like to be receiving more tips on academic research writing from you. I appreciate your work, keep it on. The methodology part was the only missing part of my research paper. Thank you so much for this article. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.